As we know that there are a lot of activities that are going on inside any busy commercial kitchen, half a dozen hot stovetops cooking food to be served to perfection, a lot of people chopping and handling ingredients for any number of dishes on the menu and orders served up quickly and efficiently. Mistakes can affect the health and safety of employees and patrons alike can be made at any step, this is the reason that standards and codes exist for nearly everything inside a commercial kitchen. All of the appliances definitely have their own share of codes and regulations that has to be followed. Let us see the commercial kitchen hood code requirements in this article.
Importance of Commercial Kitchen Hood
All those large stove hoods humming away in the kitchen background may seem like overkill, but they have an impact on the overall environment of the kitchen itself. Definitely, nobody would want to work in a smoky, hot, greasy kitchen. Also, no one would want to dine at a restaurant where those smoky and greasy odors overpower the smell of the food. Commercial kitchen hood code requirements would always make sure that the kitchen maintains its air quality and temperature, and that flammable grease is removed from the environment. This all makes the kitchen a safer place to work and be in.
Commercial Kitchen Code Requirements
No matter what sort of kitchen you are working in, whether you are looking to rent any commercial kitchen or you are going to start a commercial kitchen, you must be aware of the specific requirements they must meet at any cost for everyone’s safety. Some of these requirements may vary from location to location, so you must be sure to check your local guidelines for requirements as well.
Generally speaking, the most basic requirements would include the following pointers:
- You should store any chemicals that are there for a cleaning, completely separate from any food storage.
- Your refrigeration and freezing equipment must be operating at suitable temperatures and pass inspection.
- All the cooking surfaces and floors must be made out of a non-porous material that is smooth and can easily be disinfected without any hassle.
- There must be a common material for counters in commercial kitchens is stainless steel.
- You must have a clean water supply all the time.
- Your gas hookups must pass inspections time by time.
- All of the bathrooms for all the staff members must be neat and clean, have non-porous floors, and must have a hand washing station.
- There have to be three separate sinks for mops/cleaning, hand washing, and food washing/ preparation.
- Every person that is cooking in the kitchen must have a food handling license.
- In that case, if you are renting space in a shared kitchen, there may still be some permits that you are responsible for. This all would depend on local regulations.
- In case you own a commercial kitchen that multiple restaurants operate out of, you may have additional requirements depending on local regulations.
Commercial Kitchen Exhaust Hood Requirements
Every kitchen has to abide by a number of rules and regulations, as well as codes in order to operate in a proper way and even legally. When we talk about kitchen hoods, these regulations are very important for preventing hazards and maintaining air quality in a commercial setting.
Below we will see what a kitchen hood code requirement is and how they work so that you could follow them to create a safe workplace for everyone.
Type 1 Hood Code Requirements
Type I hoods are also known as grease hoods, Type I hoods are designed in such a way that they remove heat, smoke, and airborne grease. These kinds of hoods are often found over appliances such as fryers, broilers, grills, and ovens. Because of the significant differences between Type I and Type II hoods, each of them has its own unique set of rules and regulations. As the Type I hoods collect flammable materials, they should be constructed, designed, and laid out, especially in your kitchen.
Below, we will see some of the Commercial Kitchen Hood Code Requirements for Type I hoods:
You must install your hood at least 18 inches away from combustibles.
Use approved materials:
Any hood that is in the kitchen must be made of steel with a minimum thickness of 0.0466 inches or stainless steel with a minimum thickness of 0.0335 inches.
Label your hood:
Each of these hoods should have a label indicating the minimum exhaust flow rate in CFM (cubic feet per minute) per linear foot.
Construct appropriate support:
Always try and make sure that each hood is secured in place by noncombustible materials.
Protect joints, seams, and penetrations:
Any of the external joints, seams, and penetrations must be made from continuous external liquid-tight weld or braze to the lowest outermost perimeter of the hood.
Keep joints sealed:
Internal joints are never required to be welded or brazed but should be sealed properly so that grease cannot escape in any way.
Type 2 Hood Code Requirements
Type II hoods are also called condensate hoods, Type II hoods work in a way that they help in removing steam, vapor, and other moisture from the air. Some Type II hoods even help in removing odors. They are often found on top of coffee machines, commercial dishwashers, and certain pizza ovens. Also, these types of hoods often lack a grease filter, so they should never be used interchangeably with Type I hoods. As these Type II hoods help in removing condensation and odors from the air, they are not required to follow the same code requirements as Type I hoods have to follow. Nevertheless, they can fulfill an important function in the kitchen and must be constructed properly.
Make sure to follow Commercial Kitchen Hood Code Requirements as you prepare your Type II hood:
Construct sturdy supports:
These type of hood supports should be able to hold the load of the hood, unsupported ductwork, effluent load, and possible weight of any personnel working on the hood.
Seal joints internally:
Joints, seams, and penetrations for Type II hoods should be sealed on the interior of the hood. The interior should provide a smooth surface that is easily cleanable and watertight.
Use appropriate materials:
Type II hoods should be constructed from steel with a minimum thickness of 0.0296 inches, stainless steel with a minimum thickness of 0.0220 inches, and copper sheets weighing at least 24 oz. per square foot.
Related: California HVAC Code Requirements
Commercial Kitchen Hood Height Requirements
Hood height is an important part of Commercial Kitchen Hood Code Requirements. Different areas might have differenrt range hood height code requirements. As per the height of the range, it would be best practice that the hood must be hung so that the bottom of the hood is 6’6″ from the finished floor unless otherwise specified by local authorities.
Commercial Kitchen Hood Specifications
Exhaust hoods are flexible and indispensable appliances for all commercial kitchens. Day-to-day food preparation functions are unthinkable without any assistance from a proper exhaust hood and ventilation system. So it would be logical for commercial kitchen operators to put a good deal of thought into exhaust hood purchasing options. Exhaust hoods should not only conform to national and state codes, but they also must meet their specific building specifications.
Here is an explanation of some common exhaust hood specifications that you would have to follow:
- Exterior discharge is commonly regulated by building codes. Some range hoods recirculate air without even sending it outside of the appliance. All of these ductless hoods have a popular following and are considered the only logical fit in many buildings without the capacity for proper ducting. Although, some buildings’ specifications clearly do not allow ductless hoods. You will always have to make sure that you are aware of any such restrictions of that specific building before even you purchase any hood.
- Although if the buildings do not require kitchens to have ventilation systems, the building may still require those who install them to obtain permits. Some of the cities would require all buildings to make all such permit rules, so it is better to be aware of your local laws and statutes. When an exhaust hood is required, an exhaust fan is definitely needed as well.
- You must always make sure that your exhaust hood is not going to disturb your building’s air pressure in any way. Some of these buildings may have some strict requirements on the minimum and maximum cubic feet per minute of range hoods’ exhaust capacities. By capacities, we mean that if they are stronger than building limits can bear at times because it can be problematic. Indoor drafts and other annoyances can result from the installation of ventilation systems with improper exhaust capacity.
- Well, as a general rule, range hoods work best when they are located close to the cooking surface. It would be quite common for buildings to require range hoods to be placed within a certain distance of the cooking top. So always try to make sure that the range hood you invest in has a logical spot to rest in your kitchen, and also be sure that it is properly sized to fit there properly and accurately. When installing or ordering a hood, it is often useful to hire a professional to help find an ideal hood fit for your cooking surface.
- Buildings usually have ventilation codes, which establish the minimum rate possible to acceptably ventilate air. These specifications would help in making sure that inhabitants of buildings will not suffer any negative effects from poor indoor air quality.
Commercial Kitchen Hood Code Requirements California
According to Chapter 15, Section M1503 of the International Residential Code (IRC) contains regulations regarding ventilation in the kitchen as well as the design and installation of range hoods, it does not actually require range hoods to be installed in kitchens. Sufficient ventilation can be provided by a window that opens to the outside for example. Even though the range hoods are not compulsory as per IRC, still they must be still used, regardless of where your home is.
Here are 5 reasons why it’s important to have a range hood, even though it’s not required by code:
- You prevent oil residue from building up on your walls, floors, ceilings, and furniture.
- Your kitchen and adjoining rooms or any areas must not smell like whatever meal you are preparing.
- Your home is protected from moisture damage associated with the steam produced during stovetop cooking.
- Cooking by-products can be carcinogens.
- A range hood would help to limit the number of by-products you are inhaling.
- Your kitchen is code-compliant, which makes it legal.
Commercial Kitchen Hood Fire Code Requirements
Never forget that untrained kitchen staff can lead to many serious injuries. As of the updated 2019 code, NFPA requires that kitchen staff and employees be trained on the use of portable fire extinguishers and the manual actuation of the fire extinguishing system. It is the duty of the management to provide instruction to all employees on an annual basis. All these regular instructions will reduce the likelihood of inappropriate responses by the kitchen staff.
Also, cleanliness is a serious issue in many kitchens. NFPA also reports that 1 in every 5 kitchen fires had failure to clean as a factor contributing to its ignition. Regular and proper cleaning of grease build-up and other debris is necessary for the proper operation of fire suppression systems. The frequency of inspection for grease buildup is totally based on the type or volume of cooking. Another fire safety issue is simply moving kitchen equipment around without regard to fire safety. Fire suppression equipment is cleverly installed based on the layout of the kitchen and the hazards for which they are meant to protect.
Commercial Kitchen Hood Cleaning Code Requirements
Regularly cleaning and maintaining your kitchen exhaust system would always help you to reduce the risk of fires, equipment shutdowns, and all other possible emergencies. To make it happen you can easily clean your system and choose a hood system design that is easily accessible for maintenance and cleaning by following these code requirements:
Keep cleaning in mind:
Your kitchen hood must be designed in such a way that it would allow thorough cleaning of the whole hood system.
For the purpose of avoiding leakage and to make sure that cleaning is easy, make sure that any joints and seams are tightly sealed.
Protect against leftover grease:
Provide proper grease troughs and drip pans to catch any leftover grease and easily dispose of it.
Collect and clean grease:
Always make sure that grease gutters drain to an approved collection receptacle that is also regularly cleaned.
Place openings sparingly:
Grease ducts should only have openings where they are required for operation and maintenance and no else wise
Keep openings sealed:
Openings should be equipped with tight-fitting doors as thick as the duct and sealing materials shall be rated for not less than 1500 degrees Fahrenheit.
Commercial Kitchen Hood Inspection Requirements
To guarantee safety, compliance, and effective operation, regular inspections of commercial kitchen hoods are required. In most cases, inspectors will look at a number of different things.
- To begin, the overhang regulation dictates that the hood’s inner border be at least 6 inches longer than the cooking surfaces.
- The right height must be kept, with a maximum of 4 feet over the hob.
- Appliances housed beneath Type I hoods must have code-compliant fire suppression systems installed for safety reasons.
- Flammable objects must be kept at least 18 inches away.
- Joints, seams, and penetrations on the outside must be welded or brazed continuously to keep water out.
Kitchen Hood Electrical Requirements
The electrical specifications for kitchen hoods are critical for the proper functioning of commercial kitchens. Several crucial factors are included in these prerequisites.
- The first step is to guarantee that the hood’s ventilation, wiring, circuitry, and voltage compatibility must be done right.
- Overheating, short circuits, or electrical failures could result in fires, thus it’s important that electrical components are up to par with industry requirements.
- By employing qualified electricians, you can rest assured that your commercial kitchen will be safe and up to code.
Common FAQs About Commercial Kitchen Hood Code Requirements
Below, we’ve compiled some of the common questions asked about commercial kitchen hood code requirements and how they apply to different appliances in your kitchen. Call Alturas Contractors for queries related to Commercial Kitchen hood installation.
What is the Difference Between a Type 1 and a Type 2 Hood?
Type 1 hoods are designed to be used with appliances that produce greasy by- products and smoke created while cooking. Type 2 Hoods focus on other types of kitchen appliances and equipment that don’t have to pertain directly to cooking. This type of equipment includes dishwashers, ovens, pasta cookers, and other equipment that doesn’t produce any smoke or grease that would need to be extracted.
Does Commercial Dishwasher Require a Hood?
Code requires that a Type II hood be installed over all commercial dishwashing machines. Exception 2 to this section exempts under-counter type commercial dishwashers from the hood requirement
Is a Range Hood Required by Code in California?
In California, vent hoods are required that produce 100 cfm or more intermittently or produce 5 air exchanges in one hour. This is required in all residential areas, remodeled homes, or areas that are 1000 square feet or larger.
How Do Kitchen Hoods Work?
Kitchen hoods extract smoke, steam, and odours while cooking, using fans to pull air through filters and vents to the outside.
What Is a Commercial Kitchen Hood?
A commercial kitchen hood is an exhaust system that removes pollutants from cooking areas in restaurants and food establishments.
Do Pizza Ovens Need Hoods?
Yes, pizza ovens generally require hoods to manage smoke and emissions, depending on local regulations and the type of oven used.
What are Type 1 Hood Clearance Requirements Commercial?
Here are few Type 1 Hood Clearance Requirements:
- Kitchen Hood Overhang Requirements: Commercial hoods’ inner edge must extend at least 6 inches beyond the cooking surface or appliance.
- Elevation limit: Maintain a maximum 4-foot distance above the cooking surface.
- Fire suppression: All Type I hood-covered appliances need an approved fire suppression system complying with codes.
- Combustible safety: Place hoods a minimum of 18 inches away from flammable materials.